Partition table / Edit / Format...
Extended partition table / Edit / Format...
You can use this program to format a (n existing) partition. A selection of file systems is at your disposal for this purpose. This list contains only those file systems that can be formatted with this program.
If you would like to use a different file system, please utilize an external formatting program. Almost every operating system has such a program included.
Most of the setup programs of operating systems offer the opportunity to format a partition during the installation process as well.